Pre-colonial Period

To offer a general overview of the rich Paraguayan history, one first has to outline the situation found by the Spanish colonizers upon their arrival to the lands bordering the Paraguay River, in the 16th Century, with diverse indigenous populations that inhabited both sides of the river, many of whom belonged to the Tupi-Guaraní linguistic branch, and others, to branches of the Toba-Maskoy language, Mataco Mataguayo, Zamuco and Guaicurú.

These peoples, generally classified as pertaining to the Neolithic period, were hunter-gatherers, and in some cases, when confronted with each other, like the Guaicurú, were enemies of the Guaraní.