Post-war and the 20th Century - The Stroessner dictatorship

In 1954, General Alfredo Stroessner took control of the government, via a military coup. Stroessner would be at the helm of political life in the country for several decades.  Affiliated with the Colorado party, Stroessner prefaced his government as a dictatorship from the beginning, jailing and exiling his main political foes, and through successive elections, perfectly coordinated, which gave him a certain façade of democracy, albeit hardly believable.

Stroessner aligned himself with the famous Condor Plan of the other totalitarian governments of South America, which produced thousands of victims, especially in the 70s and 80s, under the dictation of the National Security Doctrine promoted by the United States.

During Stroessner’s government some important works were completed, such as the construction of the Itaipú Dam, whose numerous benefits, however, in the opinion of practically all of the scholars of the time, do not outweigh the negative impact of this regime.

The military coup on February 3rd, 1989, headed by General Andrés Rodríguez, father-in-law of General Stroessner’s son, ended one of the longest and most rigid dictatorships in Latin America, which had been maintained for 35 years.