Paraguay has two official languages, since the adoption of the Constitution of 1992:  Spanish and Guaraní.  The latter is the first indigenous language that has achieved the status of official state language in the Americas.  Within the Paraguayan territory, other languages and dialects are also spoken and pertain to other four linguistic families:  Toba-Maskoy language, Mataco Mataguayo, Zamuco and Guaicurú.